On July 11th, 2014, Russian Federal Law 'On Strategic Planning' dated 28 June 2014 № 172-FZ has entered into force. Among the key documents in the domain of planning and forecasting, the Law specifies Russian Science and Technology Foresight-2030, whose development was commissioned by the Russian Ministry of Education and Science and coordinated by National Research University - Higher School of Economics.
The Law creates a legal basis for target-setting, forecasting, planning, and programming of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, its regions, and sectors.
Article 3 of the Law determines S&T Foresight of the Russian Federation as 'a document of strategic planning that contains a system of scientifically based concepts on trends and expected results of long-term S&T development of Russia and its subjects'.
Russia’s S&T Foresight is determined (in Article 11) as a document of strategic planning, along with Presidential annual address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation; Strategy of Russia’s socio-economic development; strategy of Russia’s state security; strategic forecast of the Russian Federation; forecast of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation; budgetary forecast of the Russian Federation; state programmes, etc.
The Law 'On Strategic Planning' brings Russia’s long-term S&T priority setting to a radically new, systemic level. The adoption of the Law is in line with the development of a national system of S&T Foresight 'oriented towards meeting prospective demand of the manufacturing sector, taking into account the development of key production technologies', whose foundations were laid by the Executive Order of the RF President Vladimir Putin 'On Long-term State Economic Policy' dated May 7, 2012. A solid basis for such systemic approach (methodological and practical) was created in the course of many years of work by the experts participating in development of Russian S&T Foresight 2030 – the work coordinated by the National Research University – Higher School of Economics.